700 Islamic Coin Umayyad Silver Dirham Abdel Malik ibn Marwan Dimashq 81 AH VF++
Description: A beautiful good very fine or much better Umayyad silver dirham struck in 81 AH (700 AD) during the reign of the Caliph Abd al-Malik ibn Marwan. Abdel Malik ruled the Islamic world in the period 65-86 AH (685-705 AD). Abd al-Malik is the Umayyad Caliph responsible for the reformed coinage in the Islamic world. This beautiful coin clearly shows the mint location being Basra and the year of minting being 81 AH. This is a nice coin with beautiful light toning. The coin has a very pleasing appearance and is much better than the photos suggest. Please carefully review the photos presented as they are part and parcel of our description.
Date: Struck 81 AH or 700 AD.
Mint: The coin clearly shows mint location being Basra.
Size and Weight: This is a silver dirham, weighs ~2.7 grams and is ~25 mm in diameter.
References: It is Album 126, is listed in Lane Poole Catalogue of the Collection of Arabic Coins Preserved in the Khedivial Library in Cairo Egypt as No. 79 and 80, is Al-Ush 710, and it is Wilkes No. 266.
Condition: For international buyers, please note that the new US postal rates for overseas shipping are very high and we are unable to change them. Additional charges will be incurred depending on the value of the item. Please check the cost of shipping before bidding. I would grade this coin as a good very fine or much better with a wonderful and well centered strike having beautiful Calligraphy. The coin is lightly toned with some imbedded residue within the calligraphy of the obverse. The coin has some wear to the higher points but the calligraphy is still beautiful and very readable, clear, and well defined. The coin has some surface scratches and some bag marks. The coin is much better than the photos suggest. The coin is problem free, great looking, and is much better than the photos show. Definitely a high quality and beautiful coin. Please see photo for additional condition information.
Historic Perspective: The Muslim Arabs used existing gold and silver coinage in lands they conquered. At that time the nascent Islamic nation did not have a monetary system and did not strike neither gold nor silver coins, instead the conquering Arabs used the Byzantine monetary system already existing in Egypt for most of the gold coins and the Sassanian monetary system already existing in Iran for most silver coins with minor modifications. In 77 AH (699 AD) Abd al-Malik Ibn Marwan the Umayyad caliph instituted a monetary system and began striking the first Islamic coins including the gold Dinar and silver dirham. The dinar weighed 4.25 grams, or one mithqal, of the highest purity gold possible. The dirham weighed about 2.85 of the purest possible silver composition, which would maintain a solid coin. At the time the center of power and the main gold coin mint was located in Dimishq (current day Damascus in Syria), while silver coins were minted throughout the Muslim empire.
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