705 Islamic Coin 86 AH Umayyad Gold Dinar Caliph Abd al-Malik ibn Marwan AU55
Description: Umayyad Gold Dinar struck in 86 AH (705 AD) during the reign of the Caliph Abd al-Malik b. Marwan, the Umayyad Caliph responsible for the reform coinage in the Islamic world. The coin is graded by ANACS as AU (About Uncirculated) 55 and comes in a plastic slab so marked. Please carefully review the images presented as it is part and parcel of our description.
Date: Struck in the year 86 AH or 705 AD.
Mint: Not mentioned on the coin but known to be struck in Dimishq.
Size and Weight: This is a gold dinar should weigh ~4.2 grams and should be ~19 mm in diameter. Unfortunately, because it is in a slab, we are unable to weigh it or measure it.
References: It is Album 125, Bernardi 43, and is listed in Lane Poole Catalogue of the Collection of Arabic Coins Preserved in the Khedivial Library in Cairo Egypt as number 10 and in al'Ush as #267-272.
Condition: The coin is graded by ANACS as AU55 or about uncirculated 55. The coin comes in a plastic slab so marked. The coin has minimum wear, retains quite a bit of its original luster, and has great eye appeal. It has a well centered strike and beautiful Calligraphy retaining quite a bit of luster. The coin is beautiful and is much better than the photos suggests. Please see photos to appreciate the quality and condition of this beautiful coin.
Historic Perspective: The Muslim Arabs used existing gold and silver coinage in lands they conquered. At that time the nascent Islamic nation did not have a monetary system and did not strike neither gold nor silver coins, instead the conquering Arabs used the Byzantine monetary system already existing in Egypt for most of the gold coins and the Sassanian monetary system already existing in Iran for most silver coins with minor modifications. In 77 AH (699 AD) Abd al-Malik Ibn Marwan the Umayyad caliph instituted a monetary system and began striking the first Islamic coins including the gold Dinar. The dinar weighed 4.25 grams, or one mithqal, of the highest purity gold possible. At the time the center of power and the main gold coin mint was located in Dimishq (current day Damascus in Syria).
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