Beautiful Umayyad Gold Dinar Al-Walid ibn Abdel Malik 96 AH 715 AD Dimishq Mint
Description: Umayyad Gold Dinar struck in 96 AH (715 AD) during the reign of the Caliph al-Walid Ibn Abd al-Malik. Al-Walid I ruled the Islamic world in the period 86-96 AH (705-715 AD). His father Abd al-Malik is the Umayyad Caliph responsible for the reformed coinage in the Islamic world. Please carefully review the scan as it is part and parcel of our description.
Date: Struck 96 AH or 715 AD.
Mint: Not mentioned on the coin but known to have been minted in Dimishq.
Size and Weight: This is a gold dinar, weighs ~4.2 grams and is ~19.5 mm in diameter.
References: It is Album 127, Wilkes 180, and is listed in Lane Poole Catalogue of the Collection of Arabic Coins Preserved in the Khedivial Library in Cairo Egypt as number 23.
Condition: I would grade this coin as a good very fine with a well centered strike and beautiful Calligraphy. The coin has a few scratches, bag marks and minor edge marks. The coin has graffiti on the obverse in the form of the letter "W", which can be seen in the photos. These are all minor and do not truly distract for the coin quality and beauty. Other than that is problem free and looks much better than the photos suggest. Please see photo to confirm grade and to appreciate the quality as well as the condition of this beautiful coin.
Historic Perspective: The Muslim Arabs used existing gold and silver coinage in lands they conquered. At that time the nascent Islamic nation did not have a monetary system and did not strike neither gold nor silver coins, instead the conquering Arabs used the Byzantine monetary system already existing in Egypt for most of the gold coins and the Sassanian monetary system already existing in Iran for most silver coins with minor modifications. In 77 AH (699 AD) Abd al-Malik Ibn Marwan the Umayyad caliph instituted a monetary system and began striking the first Islamic coins including the gold Dinar. The dinar weighed 4.25 grams, or one mithqal, of the highest purity gold possible. At the time the center of power and the main gold coin mint was located in Dimishq (current day Damascus in Syria).
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