699 Islamic Coin 80 AH Umayyad Gold Dinar Caliph Abd al-Malik ibn Marwan XF++
Description: Umayyad Gold Dinar struck in 80 AH (705 AD) during the reign of the Caliph Abd al-Malik b. Marwan, the Umayyad Caliph responsible for the reform coinage in the Islamic world. This extremely fine or better coin has minimum wear and great eye appeal. The coin has a dot under the Alif in "Ahad" and a dot above the Meem in "Samad". It is Album 125, weighs 4.3 grams and is ~19 millimeters. The coin has a scratch on the obverse, which can be seen in the photos and hence our grade of XF+ instead of AU or better. Please carefully review the images presented as it is part and parcel of our description.
Date: Struck in the year 80 AH or 699 AD.
Mint: Not mentioned on the coin but known to be struck in Dimishq.
Size and Weight: This is a gold dinar weighs ~4.3 grams (the full canonical weight) and is ~19 mm in diameter. Unfortunately.
References: It is Album 125, Bernardi 43, and is listed in Lane Poole Catalogue of the Collection of Arabic Coins Preserved in the Khedivial Library in Cairo Egypt as number 4 and in al'Ush as #219-230.
Condition: For international buyers, please note that US postal rates for overseas shipping are very high and we are unable to change them. Additional charges will be incurred depending on the value of the item. Please check the cost of shipping before bidding. I would grade this coin as extremely fine or better. The coin has its details very well preserved with minimum wear. It is beautiful with very well defined and readable calligraphy especially on the obverse. The only issue we see is a scratch on the obverse which can be seen in the photos. The coin retains quite a bit of its original luster, and has great eye appeal. It has a well centered strike and beautiful Calligraphy. The coin is beautiful and is much better than the photos suggests. Please see photos to appreciate the quality and condition of this beautiful coin.
Historic Perspective: The Muslim Arabs used existing gold and silver coinage in lands they conquered. At that time the nascent Islamic nation did not have a monetary system and did not strike neither gold nor silver coins, instead the conquering Arabs used the Byzantine monetary system already existing in Egypt for most of the gold coins and the Sassanian monetary system already existing in Iran for most silver coins with minor modifications. In 77 AH (699 AD) Abd al-Malik Ibn Marwan the Umayyad caliph instituted a monetary system and began striking the first Islamic coins including the gold Dinar. The dinar weighed 4.25 grams, or one mithqal, of the highest purity gold possible. At the time the center of power and the main gold coin mint was located in Dimishq (current day Damascus in Syria).
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