Afghanistan Gold Coin Ghaznavid Dinar 439 AH / 1047 AD Ghazna Mint Shihab al-Dawla abu'l-Fath Mawdud
Description: A gold coin from Mawdud (Shihab al-Dawla abu'l-Fath ibn Mas'ud), who ruled Ghazna in current day Afghanistan during the period 432-440 AH (1041-1048 AD) with the title Shehab al-Dawla wa Rukn al-Mella given to him by the Abbasid Caliph al-Qa'em Bi Amr Allah, who is cited on the obverse. The coin shows the name of the ruler as Mawdud on the reverse. The date and mint are clear on the inner margin of the obverse. This coin was struck in Ghazna in 439 AH. Please view photos as they are part and parcel of our description.
Additional Information: The Ghaznavids were originally Turkish slaves of the Samanids and usurped their masters in the 4th century. They established their rule in Southeastern Afghanistan around Ghazna. Mahmmoud or Mahmud was one of the most powerful rulers of the dynasty and has invaded current day Pakistan and parts of India ruled over them. The Ghaznavid state was centered in Ghazna their capital, a city in present Afghanistan. The dynasty was founded by Sebuktekin or Sebuktigin upon his succession to rule of territories centered around the city of Ghazna from his father-in-law, Alp Tigin, a break-away ex-general of the Samanid sultans. Sebuktigin's son, Shah Mahmoud, expanded the empire in the region that stretched from the Oxus river to the Indus Valley and the Indian Ocean; and in the west it reached Rayy and Hamadan in current day Iran. Under the reign of Mas'ud I it experienced major territorial losses. It lost its western territories to the Seljuqs in the Battle of Dandanaqan resulting in a restriction of its holdings to what is now Afghanistan, as well as Balochistan and the Punjab. In 1151, Sultan Bahram Shah lost Ghazna to Ala'uddin Hussain of Ghor and the capital was moved to Lahore until its subsequent capture by the Ghurids in 1186.
Date: 439 AH or 1047 AD.
Size and Weight: The coin weighs 3.5 grams and is ~22.5 mm in diameter.
References: It is Album #16025, which is rate scarce.
Condition: I would grade this coin as a good fine or much better. The coin itself is much better than the scan shows with a well centered strike and very well defined and legible calligraphy. It has sharp and distinct calligraphy but also has some strike weakness along the edges. It also has some edge defects and the coin is not completely round, which can be seen in the scan. Be that as it may, this is a great coin, which seldom comes by. Please view the scan to appreciate the condition and beauty of the coin.