Egypt Ayyubid Gold Coin Cairo Mint Dinar Al-Adil Abu Bakr I Dinar 597 AH / 1201 AD VF+
Description: Nice and heavy gold dinar from Al-Adil Abu Bakr I, the Ayyubid Sultan who ruled Egypt and Syria in the period 596-615 AH (1199 - 1218 AD). Al-Adil Abu Bakr is the fourth sultan of the Ayyubid dynasty. He ascended the throne upon the death of his predessesor al-Mansur Muhammad, who ruled for a short period. His full name being, Al-Adil Sayf al-Din Abu Bakr Muhammad Ibn Ayyub. Both the mint name (al-Qahira, current day Cairo the Capital of Egypt) as well as the date of minting (597 AH) are clearly legible on the reverse. The coin shows the name of Al-Adil's son al-Kamil Mohammad as his designated successor on the obverse under the his name. Please carefully review the scan presented as it is part and parcel of our description.
Date: The coin was minted in 597 AH or 11201 AD.
Mint: al-Qahira, current day Cairo the capital of Egypt at the time and today.
Size and Weight: This is a dinar, weighs ~4.47 grams and is ~20 mm in diameter.
References: It is Album #801.1, it is listed in Balog as 234, and is listed as 1357a in Lane Poole's Catalog of the Khedivial Collection.
Condition: I would grade this coin as a good very fine or better. It has clear, very well defined and legible calligraphy with both the mint date and the mint name being clear. Please note the coin itself is much better than the scan shows with very well defined and legible calligraphy. A definite quality coin.
Historic Perspective: The Ayyubids were one of the great Islamic dynasties. The dynasty was founded by al-Nasir Salah al-Din Yusuf I (Saladin) in AH 564/1169 AD and ruled in Egypt and Syria until falling to the Mamluks in the mid 7th century AH. The Ayyubids are of Kurdish origins. Saladin and his brother Shirquah were recruited among others by the Zangid Nur Al-Din. Shirquah gained control over Egypt from the fatimids, and died almost immediately, leaving his nephew Salah El-Din Ibn Ayyub as his successor and soon was recognized by his troops. Saladin (probably the most respected figure of the middle ages by both friends and foes) was the real founder of the Dynasty. With his victory at Hittin in 583 AH/ 1187 AD, the holy city of Jerusalem was liberated from the crusaders and great event in Muslim history. He extinguished the last Fatimids of Egypt and replaced the Isma’ili Shiism by a strongly Orthodox Sunni religious and educational policy.
Al-Adil Abu Bakr I was the younger brother of Salah al-Din (Saladin). He ruled after the direct descendants of Saladin completed their rule and died. He was succeeded by his son al-Kamil Mohammad. He ruled for 19 years and issued gold coins, which continued to look like the Fatimid Dinars.