Islamic Coin Umayyad Gold Dinar Yazid II ibn Abdel Malik 103 AH ANACS AU 50
Description: A beautiful about uncirculated (AU) Umayyad gold dinar struck in 103 AH (722 AD) during the reign of the Caliph Yazid II son of Abd al-Malik ibn Marwan. Yazid II ruled the Islamic world in the period 101-105 AH (720-724 AD). This beautiful dinar is graded as AU 50 by ANACS and comes in a plastic slab so labeled. The slab dates the coin as being from 105 AH. However, the coin itself clearly indicates the date as being 103 AH (ANACS miss labeled the slab). Yazid's father Abd al-Malik is the Umayyad Caliph responsible for the reformed coinage in the Islamic world. This beautiful coin clearly shows the year of minting being 103 AH and as usual with these coins has no indication as to the mint. This is a beautiful coin with quite a bit of luster and great looking calligraphy. The coin has a pleasing appearance and looks much better than the photos suggest. Please carefully review the photos as they are part and parcel of our description.
Date: Struck 103 AH or 722 AD (the ANACS slab has the date as 105 AH which is incorrect and the coin clearly says 103).
Mint: The coin has no indication of the name of the mint and as such it was most likely minted in Dimishq.
Size and Weight: This is a gold dinar normally would weigh ~4.25 grams of the purist possible gold and is ~20 mm in diameter.
References: It is Album 134, is listed in Lane Poole Catalogue of the Collection of Arabic Coins Preserved in the Khedivial Library in Cairo Egypt as #36, and is listed in al-Ush's Arab Islamic Coins Preserved in the National Museum of Qatar as #402-406. This is the variety with the dot below the "Beh" in duribah.
Condition: The coin is graded as almost uncirculated AU 500 by ANACS. The slab indicates the coin was struck in 105 AHH but the coin itself clearly shows the date as 103AH. It has minimum wear and shows beautiful and very readable, distinct, and sharp calligraphy. It also has some minor double striking, minor scratches, and a minimum of bag marks. The coin is problem free and is a nice looking coin which would make a great addition to your Islamic coins collection. Please see photo for additional condition information.
Historic Perspective: The Muslim Arabs used existing gold and silver coinage in lands they conquered. At that time the nascent Islamic nation did not have a monetary system and did not strike neither gold nor silver coins, instead the conquering Arabs used the Byzantine monetary system already existing in Egypt for most of the gold coins and the Sassanian monetary system already existing in Iran for most silver coins with minor modifications. In 77 AH (699 AD) Abd al-Malik Ibn Marwan the Umayyad caliph instituted a monetary system and began striking the first Islamic coins including the gold Dinar and silver dirham. The dinar weighed 4.25 grams, or one mithqal, of the highest purity gold possible. The dirham weighed about 2.85 of the purest possible silver composition, which would maintain a solid coin. At the time the center of power and the main gold coin mint was located in Dimishq, while silver coins were minted throughout the Muslim empire.
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