Silver Islamic Coin Ayyubid Dirham Al-Adil Abu Bakr I 598 AH Dimishq Toned VF+
Date: The coin was most likely minted in 598 AH or 1202 AD based on the way the Sayf al-Din is split on the obverse and al-Muminin is split on the reverse which is the only coin with such a split listed in Balog as #280.
Mint: Although not obvious on the coin it was struck in Dimishq.
Size and Weight: This is a dirham, weighs ~2.9 grams and is ~20 mm in diameter.
References: It is Album #803, it is listed in Balog as 280, and is listed as 1381 and 1382 in Lane Poole's Catalog of the Khedivial Collection.
Condition: I would grade this coin as a toned good very fine or better. It has clear, very well defined, and legible calligraphy. the coin has wear commensurate with its age and circulated state. It has great eye appeal and would make a great addition to your collection. Please note the coin itself is much better than the photos suggest with very well defined and legible calligraphy. A definite quality coin. Please see photos for additional condition information.
Historic Perspective: The Ayyubids were one of the great Islamic dynasties. The dynasty was founded by al-Nasir Salah al-Din Yusuf I (Saladin) in AH 564/1169 AD and ruled in Egypt and Syria until falling to the Mamluks in the mid 7th century AH. The Ayyubids are of Kurdish origins. Saladin and his brother Shirquah were recruited among others by the Zangid Nur Al-Din. Shirquah gained control over Egypt from the fatimids, and died almost immediately, leaving his nephew Salah El-Din Ibn Ayyub as his successor and soon was recognized by his troops. Saladin (probably the most respected figure of the middle ages by both friends and foes) was the real founder of the Dynasty. With his victory at Hittin in 583 AH/ 1187 AD, the holy city of Jerusalem was liberated from the crusaders and great event in Muslim history. He extinguished the last Fatimids of Egypt and replaced the Isma’ili Shiism by a strongly Orthodox Sunni religious and educational policy. Al-Adil Abu Bakr I was the younger brother of Salah al-Din (Saladin). He ruled after the direct descendants of Saladin completed their rule and died. He was succeeded by his son al-Kamil Mohammad. He ruled for 19 years and issued gold coins, which continued to look like the Fatimid Dinars.
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