Umayyad Gold Dinar Caliph Sulayman Ibn Marwan 97 AH - 716 AD
Date: Struck in the year 97 AH or 716 AD.
Mint: Not mentioned on the coin.
Size and Weight: This is a gold dinar, weighs ~4.26 grams and is ~20.5 mm in diameter. References: It is Album 130, Bernardi 43, and is listed in Lane Poole Catalogue of the Collection of Arabic Coins Preserved in the Khedivial Library in Cairo Egypt as number 27.
Condition: I would grade this coin as an superb extremely fine or even about uncirculated with a well centered strike and beautiful Calligraphy retaining quite a bit of luster. The coin is beautiful and is much better than the scan suggests. The coin shows some graining to the surface which we believe is an artifact of the minting process and is original to the making. The coin shows a much sharper strike than the scan suggest. Please see scan to appreciate the quality and condition of this beautiful coin.
Historic Perspective: The Muslim Arabs used existing gold and silver coinage in lands they conquered. At that time the nascent Islamic nation did not have a monetary system and did not strike neither gold nor silver coins, instead the conquering Arabs used the Byzantine monetary system already existing in Egypt for most of the gold coins and the Sassanian monetary system already existing in Iran for most silver coins with minor modifications. In 77 AH (699 AD) Abd al-Malik Ibn Marwan the Umayyad caliph instituted a monetary system and began striking the first Islamic coins including the gold Dinar. The dinar weighed 4.25 grams, or one mithqal, of the highest purity gold possible. At the time the center of power and the main gold coin mint was located in Dimishq (current day Damascus in Syria).
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