Umayyad Gold Dinar Caliph Sulayman Ibn Marwan 98 AH - 717 AD Islamic Coin
Description: Umayyad Gold Dinar struck in 98 AH (717 AD) during the reign of the Caliph Sulayman ibn Abd al-Malik b. Marwan. Sulayman ruled the Islamic empire in the period 96-99 AH (715-717 AD). He is the third Caliph of the Umayyad Dynasty. This coin is a great example of reformed Islamic coinage instituted by Abdel Malik b. Marwan. Please carefully review the scan presented as it is part and parcel of our description.
Date: Struck in the year 98 AH or 717 AD.
Mint: Not mentioned on the coin but known to be Dimishq.
Size and Weight: This is a gold dinar, weighs ~4.26 grams and is ~20 mm in diameter.
References: It is Album 130, Bernardi 43, al-Ush 362, and is listed in Lane Poole Catalogue of the Collection of Arabic Coins Preserved in the Khedivial Library in Cairo, Egypt as number 28.
Condition: I would grade this coin as a nice extremely fine with a well centered strike and beautiful Calligraphy. The coin is beautiful and is much better than the photos suggest. The coin shows a spot of graffito in the field to the right of the reverse, at about 3:00 o'clock, which can be seen in the photos. A beautiful and very readable coin to add to your collection. Please see photos for additional condition information.
Historic Perspective: The Muslim Arabs used existing gold and silver coinage in lands they conquered. At that time the nascent Islamic nation did not have a monetary system and did not strike neither gold nor silver coins, instead the conquering Arabs used the Byzantine monetary system already existing in Egypt for most of the gold coins and the Sassanian monetary system already existing in Iran for most silver coins with minor modifications. In 77 AH (699 AD) Abd al-Malik Ibn Marwan the Umayyad caliph instituted a monetary system and began striking the first Islamic coins including the gold Dinar. The dinar weighed 4.25 grams, or one mithqal, of the highest purity gold possible. At the time the center of power and the main gold coin mint was located in Dimishq (current day Damascus in Syria).