Umayyad Silver Dirham Hisham bin Abdel Malik 121 AH 739 AD Wasit Mint Iraq
Description: Umayyad silver dirham struck in 121 AH (739 AD) during the reign of the Caliph Hisham Ibn Abd al-Malik. Hisham ruled the Islamic world in the period 105-125 AH (724-743 AD). His father Abd al-Malik is the Umayyad Caliph responsible for the reformed coinage in the Islamic world. This beautiful very fine or better coin clearly shows the mint location being Wasit in Iraq and the year of minting being 121 AH. The coin has light toning mostly along the edge and retains some luster in the center. Please carefully review the photos presented as they are part and parcel of our description.
Date: Struck 121 AH or 739 AD.
Mint: The coin clearly shows mint location being Wasit in current day Iraq.
Size and Weight: This is a silver dirham, weighs ~2.6 grams and is ~25 mm in diameter.
References: It is Album 137 and is listed in Lane Poole Catalogue of the Collection of Arabic Coins Preserved in the Khedivial Library in Cairo Egypt as number 121.
Condition: I would grade this coin as a good very fine or better with a well centered strike and beautiful Calligraphy. The coin has light toning mostly along the edge and retains some luster in the center. The coin has a few scratches and is lightly crimped but other than that is problem free and looks much better than the photos suggest. It is just great looking coin to add to your collection. Please see photo to appreciate the quality and condition of this beautiful coin.
Historic Perspective: The Muslim Arabs used existing gold and silver coinage in lands they conquered. At that time the nascent Islamic nation did not have a monetary system and did not strike neither gold nor silver coins, instead the conquering Arabs used the Byzantine monetary system already existing in Egypt for most of the gold coins and the Sassanian monetary system already existing in Iran for most silver coins with minor modifications. In 77 AH (699 AD) Abd al-Malik Ibn Marwan the Umayyad caliph instituted a monetary system and began striking the first Islamic coins including the gold Dinar and silver dirham. The dinar weighed 4.25 grams, or one mithqal, of the highest purity gold possible. The dirham wighed about 2.85 of the purest possible silver composition, which would maintain a solid coin. At the time the center of power and the main gold coin mint was located in Dimishq (current day Damascus in Syria), while silver coins were minted throughout the Muslim empire.
We Also Recommend
1255 AH Year 15 Cairo Egypt Gold Coin Rose and Toughra Design 100 Qirsh Sultan Abdul Majid AU+
774 AD Abbasid Gold Dinar Islamic Coin Caliph Al-Mansur Unknown Mint Good Extremely Fine or Better
Abbasid Silver Dirham Uncertain Mint Al-Muhammadiya or Al-Basra Al-Mansur Dirham 158 AH / 775 AD Good Fine to Very Fine
Afghanistan Gold Coin Ghaznavid Dinar 420 AH / 1029 AD Abu'l Qasim ibn Sebuktekin Mahmud